Do you still remember the previous posts regarding polite expressions? Today we are going to learn more polite forms in Chinese. Continue reading “Polite expressions very frequently used III”
Just take away these antonyms of set phrases. Continue reading “Antonyms of set phrases II”
Suffix in Chinese Mandarin
Chinese vocabulary word list — meats
Binding words in Chinese
A binding word in Chinese is a word composed of two characters, which are inseparable and always appear together except in special cases. There are several kinds of binding words in Chinese. The first type of binding words:
two characters have the same initial consonant. 琵琶pípá, pipa; 蹊跷qīqiāo odd; 忐忑tǎntè, mentally disturbed; 伶俐línglì, smart; etc.
You can see the binding words in the picture all belong to this type.
A binding word can’t be separated. A separate character of a binding word does not make sense, e.g. 尴 alone can’t be used; 忐 alone can’t be used; etc.
Chinese Set Phrases
In Chinese, you can simply use “很多”, “许多”, “好多”, etc to describe a large quantity of people, things, or abstract concepts, e.g. 广场上有好多人；我哥哥每天都有很多事情要去做；他的心里充满了太多的悲伤; etc, however, in this way you can’t feel the vivid effects. Set phrases in Chinese can express different kinds of “many 多” vividly to make people feel strongly and imaginably the effect of the related descriptions, e.g. 座无虚席 to describe a full audience/many people; 千军万马 to describe many troops; 五彩缤纷 to describe many colours; 人才济济 to describe many talents, 千辛万苦 to describe many hardships; etc.
Double Negative 双重否定
The affirmative effect in a double negative sentence is much stronger than in a single affirmative sentence. A double negative is adopted to strengthen or emphasize the affirmative tone.
There are three forms for double negation:
1. Two negative adverbs used in a sentence.
2. One negative adverb and one negative verb used in a sentence.
3. A negative adverb or a negative verb in a rhetorical question.
The following words are generally used in a doube-nenation structure: 不会不、不得不 、 不能不、不是不、不可能不 、 难道…不… 、 怎会不…、怎能不…、怎么会…不、 etc.