Compmonent 酉 a jar for storing liquors

酉, a pictographic character of a jar or vase for storing liquors, mainly serves as a semantic component to form characters. The characters formed by the semantic component 酉 express meanings related to liquor, food or things produced by fermentation such as seasoning, condiments, relish, etc, e.g. 醋, 醇, 醉, 醛, 醒, 酌, 配, 酗 and so on.
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Component 黑 soot in a container over a fire

黑, a compound character of soot in a container over a fire, serves as a semantic component to form characters. Characters formed by the semantic component 黑 mean meanings related to “black” or “dirty” such as 墨, 黔, 點, 黛, 黝, 黜, etc. 黑 also can serve as a phonetic component. Continue reading “Component 黑 soot in a container over a fire”

Component 戈 dagger-axe, halberd

戈,  a pictographic character of a dagger-axe or halberd, serves as semantic component to form characters. 戈 mainly appears in ideographs e.g. 戊 戌 我 成 戍 或 伐 戕 戎 戒 戡 截 etc or phono-semantic compounds of left-right structure, e.g. 战, 戡, etc to express something related to weapons, war or killing.  Continue reading “Component 戈 dagger-axe, halberd”