Binding words in Chinese

 Binding words in Chinese
 Binding words in Chinese

Binding words in Chinese

A binding word in Chinese is a word composed of two characters, which are inseparable and always appear together except in special cases. There are several kinds of binding words in Chinese. The first type of binding words: 

two characters have the same initial consonant. 琵琶pípá, pipa; 蹊跷qīqiāo odd; 忐忑tǎntè, mentally disturbed; 伶俐línglì, smart; etc. 

You can see the binding words in the picture all belong to this type.

A binding word can’t be separated. A separate character of a binding word does not make sense, e.g. 尴 alone can’t be used; 忐 alone can’t be used; etc.

Different kinds of “many” in Chinese set phrases

All kinds of
All kinds of “many” in Chinese set phrases

Chinese Set Phrases

In Chinese, you can simply use “很多”, “许多”, “好多”, etc to describe a large quantity of people, things, or abstract concepts, e.g. 广场上有好多人;我哥哥每天都有很多事情要去做;他的心里充满了太多的悲伤; etc, however, in this way you can’t feel the vivid effects. Set phrases in Chinese can express different kinds of “many 多” vividly to make people feel strongly and imaginably the effect of the related descriptions, e.g. 座无虚席 to describe a full audience/many people; 千军万马 to describe many troops; 五彩缤纷 to describe many colours; 人才济济 to describe many talents, 千辛万苦 to describe many hardships; etc.

Double negative in Chinese

Double negation in Chinese
Double negation in Chinese

Double Negative 双重否定

The affirmative effect in a double negative sentence is much stronger than in a single affirmative sentence. A double negative is adopted to strengthen or emphasize the affirmative tone.

There are three forms for double negation:

1. Two negative adverbs used in a sentence.  

我得去那里。→ 我去那里。  

2. One negative adverb and one negative verb used in a sentence.

在中国出生的人都会说中文。→ 在中国出生的人当中没有一个会说中文的。

3. A negative adverb or a negative verb in a rhetorical question.


The following words are generally used in a doube-nenation structure: 不会不、不得不 、 不能不、不是不、不可能不 、 难道…不… 、 怎会不…、怎能不…、怎么会…不、 etc.