Suffix 性 and its formula

Suffix 性 and its formula

The suffix 性 can turn some adjectives or verbs into abstract nouns ending with “ity, ness, etc” e.g.




Meanings of xìng

Noun

①(性格)nature

性善 be good-natured, 人性, 兽性, 野性

②(特性)character

性格, 秉性, 耐性

③(性质)nature

性能, 词性, 惯性

④(性别)sex

男性, 女性, 雄性

⑤(与性相关)sexual intercourse

性侵犯 sexual assault, 性变态 sexual perversion, 性病, 性感

⑥[语言]gender

 阳性, 阴性, 中性

Formula of the suffix 性

adjectives +性 = abstract nouns ending with “ity, ness, etc” e.g.

Examples:

雄 male + 性 = 雄性 maleness 

必要 necessary + 性 = 必要性 necessity

正确 correct + 性 = 正确性  correctness

灵活 flexible + 性 = 灵活性 flexibility

连贯 continuous + 性 = 连贯性 continuity

可能 possible + 性 = 可能性 possibility

复杂 complex + 性 = 复杂性 complexity

主观 subjective + 性 = 主观性 subjectivity

客观 objective + 性 = 客观性 objectiveness

流动 mobile  + 性 = 流动性 mobility

创造 create + 性 = 创造性 creativity

特殊 peculiar + 性 = 特殊性 peculiarity

可行 feasible + 性 = 可行性 feasibility

 

 

The suffix 性 can also turn some nouns into adjectives

Examples:

教育 education + 性 = 教育性 educational

季节 season + 性 = 季节性 seasonal

The suffix 性 can also turn some verbs into into nouns.

Example:

创造 create + 性 = 创造性 creativity

 

See also the suffix , which can turn adjectives into nouns.

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