Types of adverbs in Chinese

Types of adverbs in Chinese

Chinese adverbs add to the meaning of a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a whole sentence. They can add additional information about the action, event, or situation mentioned such as how, when, where, etc. There are several types of adverbs in Chinese:




程度副词 adverbs of degree

Adverbs of degree indicate intensity or degree of an action, an adjective or another adverb. Examples:

很, 最, 太, 更, 极, 挺, 顶, 极其, 非常, 特别, 十分

时间副词 adverbs of time

Adverbs of time describe when a certain action happened. Examples:

已, 正, 将, 刚, 老, 总, 先, 已, 已经, 曾经, 马上

范围副词 scope adverbs

Scope adverbs indicate the scope or range of an action. Examples:

全, 只, 都, 共, 总, 就, 光, 总共, 仅仅

情态副词/情状副词 adverbs of manner

Adverbs of manner describe the manner of doing an activity. Examples:

特地, 百般, 互相, 擅自, 亲自, 逐步

语气副词 modal adverbs/adverbs of mood

Adverbs of mood is an adverb that expresses doubt, conjecture, transition, emphasis, etc. Examples:

偏, 可, 就, 却, 岂, 只好, 难道, 难怪, 究竟, 到底

频度副词 adverbs of frequencia





We use some adverbs to describe how frequently we do an activity. Examples:

再, 又, 也, 还, 一再, 始终, 总是, 一向, 常常, 偶尔, 向来, 仍然, 屡次, 再次, 反复, 重新

关联副词 correlative or conjunctive adverbs

A correlative o conjuntive adverb is an adverb used in a phrase or sentence for correlating two parts. Although correlative adverbs are used in the position of an adverbial, it plays a significant role in correlating two parts. The function of correlative adverbs is similar to that of 连词 conjunction. 关联副词的作用与连词的作用相似。The most common correlative adverbs are: 也, 才, 再, 便, 就, 又, 都, 还, 却, 既 and 越.

Examples:

们一路笑。
They were talking and laughing all the way.
觉得累。
The more he walked, the more he felt tired.

否定副词 negative adverbs

Negative adverbs are used for negation. The most common Chinese negative adverbs are: 不, 没, 别, 甭, 未, 莫, 勿, 没有, 未必, 不用, 徒然, 枉自

How can we learn not to do this?
我们如何才能学到不枉自揣测呢?
Reference:

维基百科汉语词类

百度百科汉语词类

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